June 16, 2024

Hydrogen Aircraft Market Is Expected To Be Flourished By Surging Demand For Environment-Friendly Alternatives In Air Transport Industry

Hydrogen aircraft leverage hydrogen-powered fuel cells or turbogenerators to generate electricity for propulsion and auxiliary power. By replacing kerosene with hydrogen, these aircraft can significantly reduce CO2 emissions. Major aircraft manufacturers such as Airbus, Boeing, and ZeroAvia are actively developing hydrogen-powered aircraft prototypes and hybrid-electric designs. For instance, ZeroAvia recently conducted successful flight tests of a six-passenger aircraft powered by hydrogen fuel cells. As the aviation industry focuses on transitioning to sustainable fuels and reducing carbon footprint, hydrogen is emerging as a promising substitute for traditional jet fuel.

The global hydrogen aircraft market is estimated to be valued at US$ 7.76 Mn in 2023 and is expected to exhibit a CAGR of 5.0% over the forecast period 2023 to 2031, as highlighted in a new report published by Coherent Market Insights.

Market Dynamics:

Growing environmental sustainability initiatives: Stringent emission norms by regulatory bodies such as the European Union (EU) are nudging aviation companies to invest in clean technologies. For example, the EU’s “Fit for 55” legislative package proposes reducing CO2 emissions from aviation by 30% compared to 2020 levels by 2030. This is driving demand for hydrogen-powered aircraft that can help meet regulatory compliance goals in a cost-effective manner.

Reduced operating costs: While hydrogen aircraft require higher initial investment than conventional jetliners, their operational costs are significantly lower over the lifetime. Hydrogen fuel cells provide efficient propulsion without needing expensive jet fuel. As hydrogen infrastructure grows, production costs are also expected to decline steadily, improving the business case for commercial deployment of these aircraft.

Segment Analysis

The Global Hydrogen Aircraft Market Size is dominated by the commercial aircraft segment. This segment accounts for over 60% of the market share owing to the rising demand for aircraft with lower carbon emissions from airliners. Major aircraft OEMs are working towards developing hydrogen powered passenger aircraft to reduce their carbon footprint. The general aviation segment is also growing at a steady pace due to stricter emission norms. However, the high cost of hydrogen fueled aircraft continues to challenge widespread adoption in the general aviation segment currently.

PEST Analysis

Political: Stringent emission norms by aviation regulatory bodies such as ICAO are driving demand for alternative fuels in aviation. Governments are also supporting R&D into hydrogen aircraft through funding and incentives.
Economic: Higher fossil fuel prices and cost of carbon are making hydrogen powered aircraft economically viable over the long run. However, the high developmental costs continue to challenge short term adoption.
Social: Growing environmental awareness among public is increasing pressure on aviation industry to reduce its carbon footprint. This is driving demand for green aviation technologies.
Technological: Major challenges remain in developing hydrogen storage, fuel cells and cooling systems for aircraft use. Advancements are being made in metallurgy, composites and fuel cell technologies to enable greener aviation.

Key Takeaways

The global hydrogen aircraft market is expected to witness high growth over the forecast period driven by stricter emission norms and rising environmental consciousness. The global hydrogen aircraft market is estimated to be valued at US$ 7.76 Mn in 2023 and is expected to exhibit a CAGR of 5.0% over the forecast period 2023 to 2031.

Regionally, North America currently dominates the market owing to presence of major aircraft OEMs and technology companies actively working on hydrogen aviation programs. Europe is also an important developing regional market supported by government funding for green aviation initiatives.

Key players operating in the hydrogen aircraft market are Arkema Group, Asahi Kasei Corporation, BASF SE, Celanese Corporation, Covestro, DSM N.V., Dupont, Lanxess, LG Chem., Mitsubishi Engineering-Plastics Corporation, Saudi Basic Industries Corporation (Sabic), Solvay SA, Teijin, Toray, and Victrex Plc. These players are focused on advancing lightweight hydrogen storage technologies, fuel cells and cooling systems critical for designing practical fuel cell powered aircraft.

Collaborations between players across the fuel cell, composite materials and aircraft design value chain have also been increasing to integrate technologies and accelerate hydrogen aviation programs. While regulatory approvals and high costs remain challenges, initial deployments of fuel cell powered aircraft are expected in the late forecast period.

1. Source: Coherent Market Insights, Public sources, Desk research
2. We have leveraged AI tools to mine information and compile it