May 28, 2024
Global Ethylene Market

Global Ethylene Market is Estimated to Witness High Growth Owing to Bioengineering Advancements

The global ethylene market is dominated by polyethylene, which finds wide usage in plastic packaging, consumer goods, construction materials, automotive parts and various other applications due to its versatile properties. Ethylene acts as raw material for the manufacture of polyethylene and ethylene oxide. It is produced by cracking of fossil fuels like naphtha, natural gas and oil in an endothermic process. Growing population and urbanization is fueling the demand for ethylene in the packaging, construction and automotive industries. However, depleting fossil fuel reserves and rising environmental concerns have prompted researchers to explore bioengineering routes for sustainable production of ethylene.

The Global ethylene market is estimated to be valued at US$ 158.06 Mn in 2024 and is expected to exhibit a CAGR of 30% over the forecast period 2024 to 2030.

Key Takeaways
Key players operating in the global ethylene market are Aecom, DPR Construction, Holder Construction, Jacobs, M+W Group (Exyte), Bouygues Construction, Mercury, Arup, and Benthem Crouwel Architects. These players are focusing on R&D to develop novel bioengineering techniques for ethylene production from renewable feedstocks.
The key opportunities in the market include growing demand for ethylene in emerging economies of Asia Pacific and Latin America due to rapid industrialization and infrastructure development. Furthermore, bio-based production of ethylene is expected to open new revenue streams and ensure supply security.
Advancements in synthetic biology and metabolic engineering enable economical production of ethylene through bioconversion of biomass-derived sugars. Microbes can be engineered to produce ethylene as a value-added product during fermentation, providing a sustainable alternative to steam cracking.

Market Drivers
The major market driver is the rising demand for polyethylene from packaging and construction industries. According to projections, The Global Polyethylene Market is estimated to reach USD 212 billion by 2030 from USD 165 billion in 2020, representing a CAGR of 3%. Secondly, depleting fossil fuel reserves and stringent environmental norms restricting steam cracking are compelling industry players to explore renewable routes for ethylene production. Bio-based ethylene fits well with the circular bioeconomy approach and ensures long term supply security.

Current Challenges in Global Ethylene Market
The Global Ethylene Market faces certain challenges such as rising prices of raw materials, stagnant demand from major end-use industries, and environmental regulations. Volatility in crude oil and natural gas prices directly impacts the production cost of ethylene. Additionally, sluggish growth of industries like packaging and construction restrains the consumption of ethylene to some extent. Also, stringent norms worldwide for reducing greenhouse gas emissions pose a major threat as ethylene production is a highly energy-intensive process.

SWOT Analysis
Strength: Ethylene is a building block for a wide variety of essential plastics and chemicals. It enjoys robust demand across major economies.
Weakness: Ethylene producers face considerable risk due to fluctuations in feedstock prices. They also need to make large capital investments to build cracker plants.
Opportunity: Increasing use of ethane as a feedstock and emergence of shale gas reserves provide new profit pools for ethylene manufacturers. Growing plastic consumption in Asia Pacific creates sweet expansion spots.
Threats: Tightening emission norms can dent production volumes and raise compliance costs substantially over time. Substitute materials exert pricing pressure in certain applications.

Geographical Regions
North America accounts for over 30% of the global ethylene market value owing to abundant shale gas reserves that ensure competitive feedstock availability. The USA, being the world’s largest ethylene producer and consumer, is a dominant regional market.

Asia Pacific displays the fastest market growth led by China, India, Indonesia, Thailand, and Japan. Expanding downstream plastic industries and improving living standards across developing economies drive massive ethylene consumption in the region. Apart from meeting domestic needs, Asian nations also emerged as key export hubs for ethylene-based goods.

*Note:
1. Source: Coherent Market Insights, Public sources, Desk research
2. We have leveraged AI tools to mine information and compile it