Propolis is a resinous material that honey bees collect from tree buds, sap flows, or other botanical sources. Bees use propolis to seal small cracks and openings in their hives. Propolis extract is made by dissolving and extracting the active compounds and antioxidants from raw propolis. This extract has been used in traditional medicine for centuries due to its powerful antioxidant and antimicrobial properties. Let’s take a closer look at bee propolis extract and some of its potential health benefits.
Composition of Propolis Extract
Propolis extract contains over 300 compounds including flavanones, phenolic acids, esters, terpenes, and amino acids. Some of the major active components in propolis extract include:
– Flavonoids like caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) and artepillin C which are powerful antioxidants.
– Diterpenes including cafestol and konic acid which have antimicrobial effects.
– Aromatic acids such as caffeic acid, cumaric acid, and ferulic acid which are antiviral and anti-inflammatory.
– Essential oils like nerolidol and farnesol that also have antimicrobial properties.
Due to this diverse mix of biologically active compounds, propolis extract has a wide range of pharmacological activities and potential health benefits. Its high antioxidant capacity helps reduce free radical damage and oxidative stress in the body.
One of the biggest advantages of Propolis Extract Demand is its potent antibacterial, antiviral and antifungal effects. Several studies show it can inhibit the growth of harmful microbes like Staphylococcus aureus, E. coli, Candida albicans, and H. pylori. This makes propolis extract useful for treating various infections both topically and internally. Some research also found it helped promote wound healing when applied to infection sites. Its antiviral activity has shown promise against herpes simplex virus 1 & 2 and influenza A.
Immune System Support
Early evidence suggests propolis extract may enhance immune function and boost natural killer cell activity. The flavonoids and aromatic acids in propolis extract have anti-inflammatory properties that could help regulate the immune response. This immune-modulating effect might help prevent sickness and support recovery when a person does get ill. More research is still needed but propolis extract is considered an “adaptogen” that aids the body’s natural ability to adapt to stress.
Possible Anticancer Effects
Lab studies show some compounds in propolis extract are toxic to cancerous tumor cells and may induce apoptosis (programmed cell death). Research on mice found propolis extract administrated before or after cancer cells were introduced slowed tumor growth. While human trials are limited, some studies linked propolis extract to inhibiting metastasis of cancer and lowering angiogenic factors involved in cancer progression. More investigation is still required to fully understand its potential as an anticancer therapy.
Anti-inflammatory – CAPE, caffeic acid, and other compounds in propolis extract reduce inflammation and associated pain. This makes it useful for treating arthritis, gout, and muscle/joint soreness.
– Antioxidant – Its high antioxidant content protects cells from free radical damage, environmental toxins, and aging. This promotes overall health and longevity.
– Liver support – Some research shows propolis extract may assist liver function and detoxification.
– Oral health – Propolis extract mouthwashes and oral solutions can treat gingivitis, plaque, cavities due to antibiotic properties.
– Wound healing – Applied topically, propolis extract aids wound recovery, collagen synthesis, and disinfection of cuts/lesions.
Safety and Side Effects of Propolis Extract
In general, propolis extract is considered non-toxic when taken as recommended by qualified sources. However, some people may experience mild stomach upset, headache, or allergic reactions like contact dermatitis from handling raw propolis or extracts. Pregnant women and those with bee or plant allergies should consult a doctor before using. Drug interactions are possible, so check with a healthcare provider about combining propolis extract preparations with prescription medications. Proper dosage from a trusted supplier is important for safe use as an herbal supplement.
With its variety of biologically active compounds, bee propolis extract has remarkable potential for promoting health and preventing disease. Ongoing research continues to uncover new ways this natural remedy can boost immunity, fight infections, reduce inflammation, combat cancer, and protect against degenerative conditions. When used appropriately, propolis extract offers a safe, natural alternative or complement to conventional medical therapies. As studies progress, the full spectrum of therapeutic benefits from this honeybee product are becoming increasingly recognized.
1. Source: Coherent Market Insights, Public sources, Desk research
2. We have leveraged AI tools to mine information and compile it